(1) Analgesic: The ability to diminish the sensation of pain.
(2) Antispasmodic: The ability to relieve or prevent spasms and convulsions.
(3) Bronchodilator: A substance which causes relaxation of bronchial muscles, facilitating the entry of air into the lungs.
(4) Neuroprotective: The ability to protect nerve cells against damage, degeneration, or impairment of function
(5) Antioxidant: A substance which slows down the damage of living cells through “oxidation” by oxygen, peroxides, or free radicals.
(6) Antipruritic: The ability to relieve itching.
(7) Cholestatic jaundice: A yellowing of the skin caused by thickening of bile, obstruction of hepatic ducts, or changes in liver cell function.
(8) Prostaglandins: Any of a group of cyclic fatty acid compounds with varying hormone-like effects, notably the promotion of uterine contractions.
(9) Duodenal ulcers: Duodenal ulcers are a common cause of abdominal pain.